Foot Anatomy

There are 26 bones, 19 muscles, 107 ligaments plus an array of delicate blood vessels, nerves and tissue fibres all working together to control the movement of each foot.

Bones start out as cartilage and it isn’t until the child reaches about 18years old that all of the constituent parts of the foot are fully developed. So it is vital, especially in the first few years of walking, but ideally until 18, that the child’s foot is not subjected to ill fitting, rigid or inappropriate shoes.

1.  At 6 Months, the foot is made up of mostly Cartilage and is highly susceptible to deformity as a Result of ill fitting Shoes.

2. At 2, the Bone structure are developing but there are still large gaps between the bone.

3. By 8 years old, although the second part of Phalangeal and Metatarsal bone can be seen, they will take a further 10 years to fuse together. Ill-Fitting shoes can easily affect this Process.

Foot and Shoe Care

When you’ve chosen your child’s shoes, follow these great tips for keeping them and your child’s feet in good condition:
• Feet should be thoroughly washed and dried daily, especially between the toes.
• Toe nails should be kept short and straight.
• Footwear (including socks) should be made of natural fibres and not be too constrictive.
• Ideally, children should have more than one pair of shoes and alternate between them. Shoes should be changed 3-4 times a year. This prevents feet from becoming too ‘moulded’ to a particular shoe.
• Feet should be measured regularly, particularly in the first 3 years of walking.
• Shoes should be cleaned according to the manufacturers’ instructions.
• Shoes should be thoroughly aired after wearing them as sweat may cause dampness. However, do not rest shoes onto a direct heat source as this can warp the leather and cause the sole and upper to separate as leather and rubber dry at different rates.


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